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INSTRUMENT ENGINEERS WEBSITE

This web site has been created to help all Instrument Engineers to view,contact and correspond with Instrument vendors and to know the technical details on Instrumentation world.This web site was developed by the under signed, who is an Instrument Engineer, graduated from from PSG College of Technology.,Coimbatore.,India is serving the world of Instrumentation for the past 2 1/2 decades.Suggestions are welcome to improve the site. I thank tripod for giving me an opportunity to use their web site for creating this web site.Please contact me at the email metioned below.

L.N.Ramachandran

lnramachandran@hotmail.com

Instrument Engineer's Choice/Basics of Instrumentation

Electric Motor Operators for Valves IP 15-9-2
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  1. Electric Motor Operators for Valves

STANDARDS

ANSI / NEMA Standards

ICS 6 Enclosures for Industrial Controls and Systems

ICS 250 Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (100 volts maximum)

ANSI / NFPA Standard

70 National Electric Code (NEC)

CSA Standard

C22.1 Canadian Electrical Code (CEC) - Part 1

IEC / CENELEC Standards

529 / EN 50529 Specification for Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosures (IP Code)

UL Standard

UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Tests of Protection Materials for Structural Steel

 

2.0 Centrifugal compressor

API-614 Lubrication, Shaft-Sealing, and Control-Oil Systems for Special Purpose Applications.

API-617 Centrifugal Compressors for Petroleum, Chemical, and Gas Industry Services.

API-672 Packaged, Integrally Geared Centrifugal Air Compressors for Petroleum, Chemical, and Gas Industry

Services.

ASME-PTC10 Power Test Code for Compressors and Exhausters.

CPEE 241 CompCalc, PC Program for Compressor Network Simulation and Design.

 

3.0 Fired heaters

API 560, Fired Heaters for General Refinery Services

API 530, Recommended Practice for Calculation of Heater Tube Thickness in Petroleum Refineries

Flow measurement technics:

International Standards Organization (ISO)

ISO 5167 Measurement of Fluid Flow by Means of Orifice Plates, Nozzles, and Venturi Tubes Inserted in Circular Cross-section

Conduits Running Full.

ISO 5168 Measurement of Fluid Flow Estimation of Uncertainty of a Flow Rate Measurement.

 

4.0 Temperature measurements.

 

API Standard

RP551 Process Measurement Instrumentation

ASME Standards

B1.20.1 Pipe Threads General Purpose

B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

ANSI Standards

PTC 19.3 Performance Test Code - Temperature

Measurement

ASTM Standards

A249 Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat

Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes

A268 Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic

Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service

A276 Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Bars and

Shapes

A479 Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Bars and

Shapes for Use in Boilers and Other Pressure

Vessels

 

API Standard

2543 Measuring the Temperature of Petroleum and

Petroleum Products

ASTM Standards

E230 Standard Temperature - Electromotive Force (EMF)

Tables for Standardized Thermocouples

E235 Thermocouples, Sheathed Type K, for Nuclear or

Other High Reliability Applications

E1137 Standard Specification for Industrial Platinum

Resistance Thermometers

ANSI / NEMA Standard

250 Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 volts

maximum)

IEC Standards

529 Specification for Degrees of Protection Provided by

Enclosures (IP Code)

584 Thermocouples. Part 1: Reference Tables.

Part 2: Tolerances. Part 3: Extension and

Compensating Cables. Tolerances and

Identification System

751 Industrial Platinum Resistance

5.0 Pressure measurements:

API Standards

RP551 Process Measurement Instrumentation

ASME / ANSI Standards

B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)

B40.1 Gauges - Pressure Indicating Dial Type - Elastic Element

Flow meaurements

API Standards

RP 551 Process Measurement Instrumentation

Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards

Chapter 4 Proving Systems

Chapter 5.2 Measurement of Petroleum Liquid Hydrocarbons

by Positive Displacement Meters

Chapter 5.3 Turbine Meters

Chapter 5.5 Fidelity and Security of Flow Measurement

Pulsed Data Transmission Systems

Chapter 14.3 Natural Gas Fluids Measurement - Concentric,

Square-edged Orifice Meters

ASME Standards

B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

B16.34 Valves Flanged, Threaded and Welding Ends

B16.36 Steel Orifice Flanges Class 300, 600, 900, 1500, and 2500

B31.3 Process Piping

BSI Standard

1042 Specification for Square-Edged Orifice Plates and

Nozzles (with drain holes, Section 1.2 in pipes below 50 mm

diameter, as inlet and outlet devices) and Other Orifice Plates

ISO Standard

5167 Measurement of Fluid Flow by Means of Orifice Plates,

Nozzles and Venturi Tubes Inserted in Circular Cross

Section Conduits Running Full

6.0 Safety Instrument systems

ISA Standards

S5.2 Binary Logic Diagrams for Process Operations

ANSI / ISA

S84.01 Application of Safety Instrumented Systems

for the Process Industries

ANSI / NEMA

MG 1 Motors and Generators

ICS 6 Enclosures for Industrial Controls and

Systems

MIL Specification

MIL-HDBK-217 Reliability Assessment of Electronic

Components

ANSI / FCI

70.2 Quality Control Standard for Control Valve

Seat Leakage

IEC

812 Procedure for Failure Mode and Effects Analysis

1075 Fault Tree Analysis

1078 Reliability Block Diagram Method

1131-3 Programmable Controllers - Programming Languages

61508 Functional Safety of Electrical/Electronic/Programmable

Electronic Safety-Related Systems - All Parts

ISO

9000-3 Guidelines for the Application of ISO9001 to the

Development, Supply and Maintenance of Software

9001 Model for Quality Assurance in Design/Development,

Production, Installation, and Servicing

7.0 Annunciator:

ANSI / ISA

S18.1 Annunciator Sequences and Specifications

8.0 Control Valves:

ASME Standards

B16.11 Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded

B16.34 Valves - Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End

ANSI / ISA Standards

FCI 70-2 Control Valve Seat Leakage 1991

S75.01 Flow Equations for Sizing Control Valves 1985

S75.03 Face-to-Face Dimensions for Flanged Globe -

ANSI / ISA Standards (Cont)

S75.04 Face-to-Face Dimensions for Flangeless

Control Valves

S75.17 Control Valve Aerodynamic Noise Prediction

MSS Specification

SP 25 Standard Marking Systems for Valves, Fittings,

Flanges and Unions

ASTM Standards

A 269 Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless

Steel Tubing for General Service

A 320 Alloy Steel Bolting Materials for Low

Temperature Service

B 16 Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for

Use in Screw Machines

B 68 Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed

ASME Code

B31.3 Process Piping

IEC Standard

534-2 Industrial-Process Control Valves, Part 2, Flow

Capacity, Section One and Two

 

9.0 Fired Heaters:

API Standard

560 Fired Heaters for General Refinery Service Including

Appendices

ANSI / ASME Standard

B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)

ASTM Standard

C 680 Standard Practice for Determination of Heat Gain or

Loss and the Surface Temperatures of Insulated

Pipe and Equipment Systems

Instrumentation requirements:

API Standard

RP551 Process Measurement

10.0 Electronic and Pneumatic Instruments:

ASME / ANSI Standards

B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)

B16.5Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

ANSI / ISA Standard

S51.1 Process Instrumentation Terminology

API Standard

RP 552 Instrumentation and Control Manuals for Refinery Service - RP 552 Transmission Systems

ISA Standards

S 12.1 Definitions and Information Retaining to Electrical Instruments in Hazardous (Classified) Locations

RP 12.4 Pressurized Enclosures

ANSI / ISA Standard

S 12.12 Nonincendiary Electrical Equipment for Use in Class I and II, Division 2 and Class III, Divisions 1

and 2 Hazardous (Classified) Locations

All threaded pipe connections shall be tapered in accordance with ASME/ANSI B1.20.1.

11.0 Vibration and condtion monitoring Instruments:

API Standard

670 Vibration, Axial Position, and Bearing Temperature Monitoring Systems

12.0 Piping for Instrumentaion:

API Standards

RP551 Process Measurement Instrumentation

Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards

Chapter 5.2 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Positive

Displacement Meter

Chapter 5.3 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Turbine

Meter

Chapter 5.4 Accessory Equipment for Liquid Meters

Chapter 14.3 Orifice Metering of Natural Gas and Other Related

Hydrocarbon Fluids

ASME Standards

B1.20.1 Pipe Threads (Except Dryseal)

B16.36 Steel Orifice Flanges

ASME Code

Sect. VIII Pressure Vessels, Division 1

ASTM Standards

A269 Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel

Tubing for General Service

B16 Free Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in

Screw Machines

B68 Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed

B111 Copper and Copper Alloy Seamless Condenser

Tubes and Ferrule Stock

D1047 Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Jacket for Wire and Cable

13.0 Lube oil/seal oil system for Machinery:

ASME Code

B31.3 Process Piping

API Standard

614 Lubrication, Shaft-Sealing, and Control-Oil Systems for Special-Purpose Applications

ASTM Standards

B 151 / 151M Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver) and Copper-Nickel Rod and Bar

B 466 / 466M Seamless Copper Nickel Pipe and Tube

ASTM Standards

B 111 / B 111M Copper and Copper Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock

B 169 / B 169M Aluminum Bronze Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B 171 / B 171M Copper-Alloy Condenser Tube Plates [Metric]

B 584 Copper Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications

14.0 Environmental Protection on Instruments:

ANSI / ISA

S71.01 Environmental Conditions for Process

Measurement and Control Systems:

Temperature and Humidity

S71.04 Environmental Conditions for Process

Measurement and Control Systems: Airborne

Contaminants

ANSI / IEEE

C 62.41 IEEE Recommended Practice on Surge

Voltages in Low-Voltage AC Power Circuits

CENELEC

EN 50081-2 Electromagnetic Compatibility - Generic

Emission Standard - Part 2: Industrial

Environment

EN 50082-2 Electromagnetic Compatibility - General

Immunity Standard - Part 2: Industrial

Environment

ENV 50141 Electromagnetic Compatibility - Basic Immunity

Standard - Conducted Disturbances Induced by

IEC

529 Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosures

(IP Code)

68-2-x Basic Environmental Testing Procedures

-6: Test Fc and Guidance: Vibrations

(Sinusodial)

-27: Test Ea and Guidance: Shock

-31: Test Ec, Drop and Topple

-64 Test Fh: Vibration, Broad-Band

Random (Digital Control) and

Guidance

1000-4-x Electromagnetic Compatibility for Industrial

Process Measurement and Control Equipment -Testing

and Measurement Techniques.

-2: Electrostatic Discharge Immunity Test

-3: Radiated, Radio Frequency,

Electromagnetic Immunity Test

-4: Electrical Fast Transient/Burst

Immunity Test

-5: Surge Immunity Test

15.0 Instrument wiring and cables:

ANSI / ISA Standard

MC 96.1 Temperature Measurement Thermocouples

ANSI / NFPA Standard

70 National Electric Code (NEC)

UL and CSA Standards for Safety

UL 4 CSA C22.2 #51 Armored Cable

UL 44 -------- Rubber-Insulated Wires and Cables

UL 83 CSA C22.2 #75-M Thermoplastic-Insulated Wires and Cables

------ CSA C22.2 #38 Thermoset Insulated Wires and Cables

------ CSA C22.2 #124-M Mineral Insulated Cable

UL 719 CSA C22.2 #48 Nonmetallic-Sheathed Cables

------ CSA C22.2 #123 Aluminum Sheathed Cables

UL 1651 CSA C22.2 #232 Optical Fiber Cables

------ CSA C22.2 #239 Control and Instrumentation Cables

UL 13 Requirements for Power-Limited Circuit Cables for Class 2 and Class 3 Circuits (power-limited

tray cable - Type PLTC)

UL 2250 Requirements for Instrumentation Tray Cable (Type ITC)

CSA Standard

C22.1 Canadian Electrical Code (CEC) - Part 1

IEC / CENELEC Standards

IEC 584-3 / HD 446.3 Thermocouples: Part 3 Extension and Compensating Cables -Tolerance

and Identification System (BS 4937)

IEC 794 Optical Fiber Cables: Part 1 & Part 2

IEC 1515 / EN 61515Mineral Insulated Thermocouple Cables and Thermocouples

BSI Standard

BS 5308 Instrument Cables: Part 1 & Part 2

Area of classification:

ANSI / NFPA Standards

70 National Electrical Code (NEC)

496 Purged and Pressurized Enclosures for Electrical Equipment

497A Recommended Practice for Classification of Class 1 Hazardous (Classified) Locations for

Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas (1)

497M Manual on Classification of Gases, Vapors and Dusts for Electrical Equipment in

Hazardous (Classified) Locations

API Recommended Practice

RP 500 Classification of Locations for Electrical Installations at Petroleum Facilities

IEC Standard

79-14 Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Gas Atmospheres - Part 14: Electrical Installations in

Hazardous Areas (Other Than Mines)

OTHER REGIONAL OR NATIONAL STANDARDS

Appropriate Regional or National Standard Applicable to the specific location.

 

 

AEIC Specifications

CS1 Impregnated-Paper-Insulated Metallic-Sheathed

Cable,Solid Type

CS3 Impregnated-Paper-Insulated,Metallic-Sheathed

Cable,Low-Pressure Gas-Filled Type

CS4 Impregnated-Paper-Insulated,Low and Medium

Pressure Self-Contained Liquid Filled Cable

ANSI Standards

C80.1 Rigid Steel Conduit,Zinc Coated

C80.3 Electrical Metallic Tubing,Zinc Coated

Wiring methods and materials:

C80.4 Fittings for Rigid Metal Conduit and EMT

C80.5 Rigid Aluminum Conduit

ANSI /IEEE Standards

C2 National Electrical Safety Code Part 2 --Safety Rules

for Installation and Maintenance of Overhead Supply

and Communication Lines

ANSI /NFPA Standard

70 National Electrical Code

ANSI /UL Standards

UL 1 Flexible Metal Conduit

UL 4 Armored Cable

UL 5 Surface Metal Raceways and Fittings

UL 44 Rubber-Insulated Wires and Cables

UL 83 Thermoplastic-Insulated Wires and Cables

UL 209 Cellular Metal Floor Raceways and Fittings

UL 493 Thermoplastic-Insulated Underground Feeder and

Branch-Circuit Cables

UL 514A Metallic Outlet Boxes

UL 514B Fitting for Conduit and Outlet Boxes

ANSI /UL Standards (Cont.)

UL 514C Nonmetallic Outlet Boxes,Flush Device Boxes,and

Covers

UL 651 Schedule 40 and 80 Rigid PVC Conduit

UL 651A Type EB and A Rigid PVC Conduit and HDPE

Conduit

UL 719 Nonmetallic-Sheathed Cables

UL 797 Electrical Metallic Tubing

UL 870 Wireways,Auxiliary Gutters and Associated Fittings

UL 884 Underfloor Raceways and Fittings

ICEA /NEMA Standard

S-19-81 Rubber-Insulated Wire and Cable for the

Transmission and Distribution of Electrical Energy

(NEMA WC-3)

S-61-402 Thermoplastic-Insulated Wire and Cable for the

Transmission and Distribution of Electrical Energy

(NEMA WC-5)

S-66-524 Cross-Linked-Thermosetting-Polyethylene-Insulated

Wire and Cable for the Transmission and

Distribution of Electrical Energy (NEMA WC-7)

S-68-516 Ethylene-Propylene-Rubber-Insulated Wire and

Cable for the Transmission and Distribution of

Electrical Energy (NEMA WC-8)

NEMA Standard

FB 1 Fittings,Cast Metal Boxes,and Conduit Bodies for

Conduit and Cable Assemblies

VE 1 Metallic Cable Tray Systems

UL Standard

6 Rigid Metal Conduit

16.0 Fireprofing:

ACI Standard

ACI 318 Building Code Requirements for Reinforced

Concrete

UL Standard

UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Tests of Protection Materials for

Structural Steel

NACE Standard

TM01-70 Visual Standards for Preparation of New Steel, Air

Blast Cleaned with Sand Abrasive

SIS Standard

05 59 00 Pictorial Surface Preparation Standards

SSPC Specifications

PA-2 Measurement of Dry Paint Thickness with

Magnetic Gages

SP6 Commercial Blast Cleaning (SIS Sa2) NACE No.

3

SP10 Near White Blast Cleaning (SIS Sa 2 1/2) NACE

No. 2


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